Lava Jato: four years of big game in the fight against corruption

Ⓒ AFP/Archivos – Miguel Schincariol – | Manifestation in 2016 against corruption in Brazil as a result of the operation “Lava Jato”

Operation Lava Jato, which exposed the biggest corruption scandal in the history of Brazil, gave a big blow on Thursday, when its main mentor, Judge Sergio Moro, ordered the arrest of former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003- 2010).

The exmandatario of left has term to be delivered in Curitiba (the south), nicknamed “the capital of Lava Jato”, until the 17H00 local of Friday (20H00 GMT).

In four years, Lava jato judges pronounced some 190 condemnations against leading businessmen and politicians and almost the entire parliamentary spectrum.

But they could not advance in the fields of politicians with privileged privileges – the Executive and the Legislative – because those cases are in charge of the Supreme Federal Court (STF), which did not pronounce any sentence in that period, despite having dozens of investigations in progress.

Ⓒ AFP/Archivos – Mauro Pimentel – | On May 12, 2016, against the backdrop of popular mobilizations against corruption, the Congress opens a process of impeachment that separates President Dilma Rousseff, Lula’s political heir, from office by manipulating public accounts

– 2014: the tip of the ball –

March 17: Operation Lava Jato – ‘car wash’ – arises from a simple search at a gas station in search of the money changer Alberto Youssef. Soon after, Paulo Roberto Costa, Petrobras Supply Director, was arrested between 2004 and 2012.

The investigations fall on Judge Sergio Moro, from Curitiba (south).

– 2015: the end of the untouchables –

6 of March: The supreme court authorizes to investigate 12 senators and 22 deputies by corruption in Petrobras.

June 19: The powerful businessman Marcelo Odebrecht, president of the construction company that bears his surname, is arrested. He will be sentenced to 19 years and four months in prison.

Ⓒ AFP/Archivos – Mauro Pimentel – | On January 30, 2017, Eike Batista, who was the richest man in Brazil, was arrested in a split of the Petrobras case

Throughout the year, the investigations will lead to the arrest of untouchables in politics, such as José Dirceu, ex-strongman of the Lula government, Senator of the Workers’ Party (PT, left) Delcidio do Amaral, or the banker André Esteves , from BTG Pactual.

– 2016: political havoc –

4 of March: The police take to Lula to declare by force, by order of judge Moro.

May 12: Against the backdrop of popular mobilizations against corruption, the Congress opens a process of impeachment that separates President Dilma Rousseff, Lula’s political heir, from office, by manipulating public accounts.

Assumes its vice-president, the conservative Michel Temer, of the PMDB, who in a few months will lose several ministers, investigated by Lava Jato.

Ⓒ AFP – Gustavo IZUS – | Key dates of the corruption scandal surrounding former Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva

September 26: Antonio Palocci, former Minister of Finance of Lula and former head of government of Rousseff, is arrested. In 2017 he will be sentenced to 12 years in prison.

October 19: The former deputy Eduardo Cunha, ultra-conservative leader of the PMDB, architect of Rousseff’s impeachment, is arrested for corruption. Then he will be sentenced to 15 years and 4 months in prison.

December 21: The construction company Odebrecht and its subsidiary Braskem agree to pay fines of some 3,500 million dollars for its bribery system that included a dozen Latin American countries, as well as Mozambique and Angola. Of that amount, 10% will compensate crimes in the United States, another 10% in Switzerland and 80% in Brazil.

– 2017: no puppet left with head –

January 30: Eike Batista, who was the richest man in Brazil, is arrested in an unfolding of the Petrobras case.

March 14: Attorney General Rodrigo Janot requests the opening of 83 investigations against politicians with privileges, based on the confessions of former Odebrecht executives.

April 11: The Supreme Court agrees to open investigations on eight Temer ministers. The inquiries extend to 29 senators, at least 40 deputies and three governors.

May 17: The newspaper O Globo discloses a recording of the manager of the food giant JBS, Joesley Batista, in which Temer is heard giving his apparent endorsement to a supposed payment of bribes.

June 26: Prosecutor Janot denounces Temer for passive corruption.

July 10: The author of a parliamentary report states that there are “serious and sufficient indications” to transmit to the Supreme Court the complaint against Temer for passive corruption.

July 12: Moro condemns Lula to 9 years and a half in prison for corruption and money laundering, but decides that he can appeal in freedom. If he is convicted in the second instance, Lula will not be able to stand for the presidential elections in October 2018.

– 2018: Lula Goal –

January 24: A court of second instance (TRF4) upholds the sentence of Moro and raises the sentence to twelve years and one month of imprisonment. On March 26, he rejects the last objections presented by the defense.

5 of April: The Supreme Federal Court (STF) rejects at dawn a resource of Lula to appeal in freedom before the highest judicial instances (third instance and STF) its sentence.

In the afternoon, Moro issues an arrest warrant for Lula, summoning him to turn himself in to Curitiba in 24 hours.

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